It seems like many people are worried about switching from 32 bit ubuntu to 64 bit ubuntu. This post should help make the transition be easier. This is geared toward ubuntu but should work for almost any linux distro.
Quick Table of Contents:
- Quick Faq
- Getting Started
- Installing 64-bit Flash Player
- Installing Skype
- Installing Opera
- How to run a 32 bit application
- Installing a 32 bit deb package
A: It really depends on what you are doing, overall it is about 20% faster, in some areas it’s almost 2x faster. I will Show some benchmarks later.
2.Q: I hear flash doesn’t work on it, or it is really buggy.
A: Not true flash works fine on it, by default it needs the ndiswrapper layer to run which can cause some problems, however you can install the native alpha 64 bit version (which is actually very stable), I will show you how.
3.Q: Does skype work?
A: YES! They have released a 64 bit version, I will show you how to get sound to work on this as well.
4. Q: Does wine work?
A: Yes, wine works wonderfully, they do not have a 64 bit version yet but the 32 bit version runs fine.
5. Q: Will 32 bit apps run on it?
A: Yes, there are only a few compatibility libraries you need to install. Now there are some exceptions to this, zsnes being one, and there are a few firefox extensions that have not been ported to 64 bit yet.
6. Q: What about installing a 32 bit deb package on it?
A: This does get a little tricky but it isn’t too hard to do, I will show you how.
So how much faster is it really? Well I ran a couple of benchmarks on my 32 bit system and then on my 64 bit system.
As you can see there is generally a performance increase in the 64 bit version, it’s really not much, but I like to think that I am using my processor to it’s full potential.To further boost your performance you need to fix the ondemand threshold for your processor which in my opinion is bugged in jaunty, I made a post about it here, it will also tell you more about the benchmarks I performed. So lets get to business, grab your 64 bit cd and install.
Now that you have it installed (and I KNOW you did) lets get everything working like it should. First of all we need to get your codecs and 32 bit compatability libraries installed, this is extremely easy all you need to do is go to Add/Remove in your applications menu, search for “restricted” make sure the “Show” drop down menu says “All available applications” , now find the “Ubuntu restricted extras” package and select the check box. Now click apply! This will install Java, flash, a bunch of codecs, windows standard true type fonts and 32 bit compatibility libraries (you will not be able to run 32 bit apps without these). An even easier way is to open a terminal window and type or copy and paste:
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Installing the 64 bit flash player
Now lets install the 64 bit version of Flash player. This is optional but I HIGHLY reccomend it, keep in mind that it is tagged as an alpha release, however from my experience it seems just as stable as it ever was before. First of all you need to open your package manager, go up to System -> Administration then choose “Synaptic Package Manager”. Now you need to search for “nsplugin” in synaptic and uncheck the “nspluginwrapper” package, this will also remove the flash player that is installed. Now get on over to adobe labs and download your copy! Open it with the archive manager:
Leave the archive manager window open for now. Now, open your Home folder, go to View -> Show Hidden Files to view the hidden files then navigate to the .mozilla folder and open it. You need to create a folder in here called “plugins” (without quotes), now just drag and drop the “libflashplayer.so” file from the archive into the new plugins folder. Restart firefox and verify if flash is working, I usually just go to youtube and see if it works. All done! You should also set up the flash player globally if you have other users on your system or you plan on using other browsers besides firefox. To do this all you need to do is open a terminal window and type:
sudo cp .mozilla/plugins/libflashplayer.so /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins
One of the biggest reasons I hear people not switching to 64 bit is because of skype. But this is no longer a problem. Finding the 64 bit package can be a bit tricky though since currently the main download page gives you the 32 bit version. The package you are looking for can be found right here. Now once it is installed you will notice that sound does not work. All you need to do is go into your options menu:
And then you need to go into the “sound devices” area and change all of your sound devices to “pulse” like this:
For more information on skype for 64 bit you can visit this post.
Another popular program that people complain about missing in 64 bit is the Opera web browser, Opera is definitely one of the best browsers in existence, in some ways it is even better than Firefox. They have also recently started offering 64 bit packages! The latest version as of this writing is 9.64 and the package you want can be found right here. If you set up the 64 bit flash player globally like I showed you above then flash should work just fine as well.
Most 32 bit applications should run just fine, there are quite a few pre-compiled games and apps out there that come in tar.bz, zip, rar… etc files instead of a deb, basically that just means it is not packaged for a specific distribution or architecture. Cave Story comes to mind as one of these (absolutely one of the best games I have ever played), so if we wanted to run this program we would do it exactly as we would on a 32 bit system. How do you do that you may ask? Simply just extract the file to a folder in your home directory, now navigate to that folder find the pre-compiled binary file in this case it is named “doukutsu” just double click it! If you installed the ubuntu-restricted-extras package it will run just great. You will come across a few of these programs out there in your journey through linux land (another example is Renoise). After I have my program in a directory I like I usualy make a link to it in my menu for easy access, some programs have to be run from the directory its self instead of a link, so I just link to the directory and have nautilus open it .
Now sourcecode tar.gz packages are an entirely different story I may post about compiling your own programs later, but for now just do a google search.
Installing a 32 bit deb package
There are also a few programs out there that only made a package for 32 bit ubuntu… for example the Amazon.com mp3 downloader so how do you install this? Well fortunately it isn’t too difficult but does require some terminal “hacking”. To do this you need to open a terminal and navigate the location to the downloaded file now to install the mp3 download you would type:
sudo dpkg -i --force-all ./amazonmp3.deb
The –force-all command will make dpkg ignore the package architecture and any missing libraries. Now go ahead and try to run it! That didn’t work did it? Now open a terminal window and type amazonmp3 to see more information. It complained about missing libraries right? That is because you are missing the 32 bit versions of those libraries, so now we need to head over to ubuntu forums and get a little package called getlibs. Once this is installed you can open your terminal window and type the following:
sudo getlibs /usr/bin/amazonmp3
For getlibs to work you need to provide the path to the binary executable of the program you want to run, which is why I put the path /usr/bin/ in there. Now it should have automatically installed all of the required libraries and everything should be good to go!
I hope this helps some of you out, and rememeber the more of us that switch to 64 bit the better it is going to get.